NFL challenge rules: How many does each team get and when can a head coach throw the red flag?


As millions of viewers tune into Super Bowl LVI on Sunday, February 13 on NBC, the more attention turns onto the league’s officiating crews on game days.

RELATED: How do NFL overtime rules work in the playoffs vs. regular season?

A big part of today’s officiating centers around replay reviews and, of course, coaches’ challenges. However, it can be confusing for many — NFL coaches included — when challenges are allowed.

Coaches have red flags which they can use to toss onto the field before the next snap, indicating to a referee in the vicinity to initiate an instant replay review on the previous play. A coach gets two challenges per game but has an opportunity to earn a third if the first two challenges were successful. There is no scenario where a fourth challenge can be given. However, if the coach fails the challenge, he’s assessed a timeout. If a coach challenges with no timeouts, the team will be assessed a 15-yard penalty. 

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What’s important to remember is that not every play can be challenged, while some plays are automatically reviewed so a coach doesn’t need to challenge them. Some examples of these automatically reviewed plays are scoring plays (touchdown, field goal, safety, etc.) and turnovers (fumble, interception.) Coaches are not permitted to challenge judgment calls made by officials, such as false starts, offsides or holding penalties. A team also can’t commit a penalty before the next snap and then challenge.

What NFL plays can be challenged and reviewed by referees?

Here’s a list of plays that a team can challenge, per the NFL Football Operations’ NFL Rules Digest:

  • Possession
  • Plays involving touching of either the ball or the ground
  • Goal line plays
  • Plays at the sidelines, line of scrimmage and line to gain
  • Number of players on the field at the snap, even when a foul is not called
  • Game administration:
    • Penalty enforcement
    • Proper down
    • Spot of a foul
    • Status of the game clock
    • Disqualification of a player

What plays are not reviewable?

Here’s a list of non-reviewable plays, per the NFL Football Operations’ NFL Rules Digest:

  • All fouls (except for numbers on players on the field)
  • Spot of the ball and runner:
  • Runner ruled down by contact or out of bounds (not involving fumbles or the line to gain)
  • The position of the ball not relating to first down or goal line
  • Whether a runner’s forward progress was stopped before he went out of bounds or lost possession of the ball
  • Whether a runner gave himself up


  • Field goal or extra-point attempts that cross above either upright without touching anything
  • Erroneous whistle
  • Spot where an airborne ball crossed the sideline
  • Whether a player was blocked into a loose ball
  • Whether the ball was advanced by a player after a fair catch
  • Whether a player created the impetus that put the ball into an end zone.

Can a play be challenged in the final two minutes of a half or OT?

Once a game enters the final two minutes of the first or second half, known as the two-minute warning, neither team’s head coach is allowed to throw a challenge flag for any reason as all calls will be automatically reviewed. Coaches challenges are also prohibited during overtime periods.

NFL quarterback rankings 2023: Chris Simms’ top 40 QB countdown ahead of upcoming NFL season


While the NFL is a league that is ever-changing, some things are set to stay the same in 2023 — like the revealing of Chris Simms’ top 40 QB countdown.

Last year’s list saw Josh Allen take his place atop the quarterback throne, with Kansas City’s Patrick Mahomes and Los Angeles’ Justin Herbert not far behind at No. 2 and No. 3, respectively. It was, however, Mahomes who would ultimately reign over all NFL quarterbacks at the end of the season, as the 27-year-old collected both the NFL MVP honors and his second Lombardi Trophy.

This NFL offseason, however, has brought some intriguing adjustments that are likely to shake up Simms’ rankings.

While some signal-callers such as Jalen Hurts and Lamar Jackson found their prolonged home with massive contract signings, others will be venturing to a new franchise in search of a fresh start. Aaron Rodgers‘ trade to the New York Jets is unquestionably the most staggering shift, but other quarterbacks on the move such as Derek Carr and Jimmy Garoppolo cannot be forgotten.

RELATED: Mike Florio gives an inside look into the Lamar Jackson deal

And with three of the first four picks in the 2023 NFL Draft being spent on a quarterback, emerging talent will likely turn the tides for some franchises this upcoming season.

See below for Chris Simms’ top 40 QB countdown ahead of the upcoming season. Be sure to subscribe to Chris Simms Unbuttoned for more on the 2023 NFL season as well as an unfiltered look at the NFL featuring player access, unabashed opinion, X&O film breakdown and stories from a life in and around football.

RELATED: Peter King’s latest offseason NFL power rankings

Chris Simms’ 2023 Top 40 QB Countdown:

40. Desmond Ridder (ATL)

39. Sam Howell (WAS)

38. Bryce Young (CAR)

37. CJ Stroud (HOU)

36. Anthony Richardson (IND)

35. Mike White (MIA)

34. Gardner Minshew (IND)

33. Taylor Heinicke (ATL)

32. Jarrett Stidham (DEN)

31. Jordan Love (GB)

30. Davis Mills (HOU)

29. Tyler Huntley (BAL)

28. Andy Dalton (CAR)

27. Sam Darnold (SF)

26. Brock Purdy (SF)

25. Kenny Pickett (PIT)

24. Baker Mayfield (TB)

23. Justin Fields (CHI)

22. Jimmy Garoppolo (LV)

21. Tua Tagovailoa (MIA)

20. Mac Jones (NE)

19. Kyler Murray (AZ)

18. Derek Carr (NO)

17. Jared Goff (DET)

16. Ryan Tannehill (TEN)

15. Geno Smith (SEA)

14. Russell Wilson (DEN)

2023 NFL Schedule Release: Start time, how to watch, live stream, channel


With another exciting NFL Draft in the books, teams can now turn their gaze toward the road to Super Bowl LVIII in Las Vegas. The path to Super Bowl glory, however, is about to become abundantly more clear with the 2023 NFL season schedule release.

This year’s NFL season schedule release is nearly here, with the entirety of the 2023 NFL schedule being unveiled on Thursday, May 11 at 8 p.m. ET on both Peacock and NFL Network. See below for everything you need to know for one of the offseason’s most anticipated events.

RELATED: Click here for full analysis on Rounds 1-7 of the 2023 NFL Draft

When will the 2023 NFL season schedule be released?

While all 272 matchups have been known since the conclusion of the 2022 regular season, the order and dates for these games have remained a mystery. The secret is nearly out, however, with every NFL game on the brink of revelation.

The full 2023 NFL schedule will be released on Thursday, May 11 at 8:00 p.m. ET.

How can I watch the 2023 NFL season schedule release?

The 2023 NFL season schedule release will take place Thursday, May 11 on Peacock, NFL Network, and the NFL app at 8 p.m. ET.

While the entirety of the schedule will be unveiled at that time, select games have already been and will continue to be released prior to the official event. Ahead of the 2023 NFL season schedule release, the following games will be announced:

Who will play in the 2023 NFL Kickoff game?

The first game of the 2023-24 NFL season will see the reigning Super Bowl champion Kansas City Chiefs take the field in Arrowhead Stadium.

The opponent that will meet Patrick Mahomes and company in Kansas City, however, remains to be revealed.

Which NFL teams have international games in 2023?

While the majority of the matchups set to take place next season have yet to be announced, the league has already revealed which teams will head overseas for international showdowns.

Below is the full list of international NFL games for the 2023-24 season, with three in London, U.K., and two in Frankfurt, Germany.

Falcons vs. Jaguars: Week 4, Oct. 1 at 9:30 a.m. ET | Wembley Stadium in London, U.K.

Jaguars vs. Bills: Week 5, Oct. 8 at 9:30 a.m. ET | Tottenham Hotspur Stadium in London, U.K.

Ravens vs. Titans: Week 6, Oct. 15 at 9:30 a.m. ET | Tottenham Hotspur Stadium in London, U.K.

Dolphins vs. Chiefs: Week 9, Nov. 5 at 9:30 a.m. ET | Frankfurt Stadium in Frankfurt, Germany

Colts vs. Patriots: Week 10, Nov. 12 at 9:30 a.m. ET | Frankfurt Stadium in Frankfurt, Germany

RELATED: NFL’s 2023 international games full of “star power”

When is the Super Bowl and where will it be taking place?

Stars will be shining bright in Las Vegas, Nevada, for Super Bowl LVIII, set to take place on Feb. 11, 2024, at the home of the Raiders in Allegiant Stadium.

This will be the first Super Bowl to ever take place in Las Vegas, which hosted the 2023 Pro Bowl and 2022 NFL Draft.

Be sure to follow ProFootballTalk for the latest news, updates, and storylines about the upcoming NFL season!